WATER CRISIS MIDDLE EAST PDF DOWNLOAD

The Middle East and North Africa (MENA) is the world's most . Water scarcity – Earth's surface is 71 percent water, but the Middle East and. The Middle East and North Africa is home to 6% of the world's population and less than 2% of the world's renewable water supply. In fact, it is. The Middle East requires water resources and suitable land for agriculture. Much of the land that is available for producing food is destroyed by increasing desertification. Desertification is a sweeping environmental problem, with vast effects in countries such as Syria, Jordan, Iraq, and Iran.


WATER CRISIS MIDDLE EAST PDF DOWNLOAD

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WATER CRISIS MIDDLE EAST PDF DOWNLOAD


Can the Middle East solve its water problem? - CNN

Hide Caption 3 of 14 Photos: The Middle East and North Africa's battle against water scarcity Desalination water crisis middle east To overcome water scarcity and meet increasing demand, MENA countries have long been producing their own water.

A popular method is to separate salt from seawater in a process called desalination. Hide Caption 4 of 14 Photos: The Middle East and North Africa's battle against water scarcity Desalination — MENA accounts for nearly half of the world's desalination capacity, according to World Bank calculationsmaking it the largest desalination market in the world.

Desalination is water crisis middle east practiced in the oil-rich nations of the Gulf, at plants like this one in Qatar.

Hide Caption 5 of 14 Photos: The Middle East and North Africa's battle against water scarcity Desalination — According to the International Desalination Associationmore than water crisis middle east people around the world rely on desalinated water for their everyday needs.

Hide Caption 6 of 14 Photos: The Middle East and North Africa's battle against water scarcity Desalination — But desalination in the Middle East has a significant environmental cost because it relies on energy-intensive thermal desalination plants.

WATER CRISIS MIDDLE EAST PDF DOWNLOAD

Lastly, while all this goes on, the physical impacts of climate change—increased heat stress, evapotranspiration rates, and aridity—are projected to hit the MENA region particularly hard.

Water scarcity is not merely a natural phenomenon.

A worsening water crisis in North Africa and the Middle East

It is a relative condition for which natural causes as well as human factors are responsible. In turn, water use patterns are integral to the question of regional food security; they are a powerful determinant of domestic food supply production levels.

By triggering an increase in import dependency, water use patterns deepen regional vulnerability to water crisis middle east insecurity risk arising from unstable, unpredictable, and volatile conditions in these markets.

WATER CRISIS MIDDLE EAST PDF DOWNLOAD

Moreover, a growing structural imbalance between water crisis middle east food supply and demand will exacerbate this issue over the long-term. Researchers used climate models and socioeconomic scenarios to rank countries that are expected to experience water stress by World Resources Institute This is particularly worrying as a number of these countries are already the least water-secure in the world.

Turkey, for instance, is the only country in the region that is in water surplusin terms of its renewable supply. All the other countries in the region are in water deficit. They have to compensate, either with purified waste water crisis middle eastthrough expensive desalination or by depending on their underground water reserves which are only very slowly replenished.

Egypt, for example, has cubic metres of renewable fresh water per person per year and must make up the balance through fossil underground water, water that is held in porous strata below the surface.

Countries In The Middle East Will Be Hardest Hit By Water Shortages | IFLScience

Two of the most extreme cases, though, are Libya and Yemen. This is because of water crisis middle east lack of rainfall and has resulted in seawater seeping into the water aquifers — a porous layer that holds water underground.

This has rendered the water itself unfit for human consumption. Its Great Manmade River project now supplies plentiful water to the coastal cities; but at a cost.