Like any other operating system, Linux organizes information in files and directories. A directory can contain other directories, giving rise to a hierarchical structure. The Linux file system provides a unified model of all storage in the system. A Linux system, just like UNIX, makes no difference between a file and a directory, man likes to think of them in an ordered tree-like structure on the hard disk. Red Hat Enterprise Linux uses the Filesystem Hierarchy Standard (FHS) file system structure, which defines the names, locations, and permissions for many file.
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Overview The process of developing a standard FileSystem linux file system structure began in August with an effort to restructure the file and directory structure of Linux.
The base of the Linux file system hierarchy begins at the root.
Unix / Linux File System Basics
Directories branch off the root, but everything starts at root. Or, more accurately, everything is represented as being a file, while in Windows it may be displayed as being a disk drive.
These are actually pretty similar, but you can see where the differences lie. For a more comprehensive listing and details see the Filesystem Hierarchy Standard.
Click here to learn more.
FilesystemHierarchyStandard - Debian Wiki
It contains essential binaries that are generally intended to be run by the root user for system administration. Optional is abbreviated as opt.
Contains third party application software. A virtual and pseudo file-system which contains information about running process with a particular Process-id aka pid.
- Linux File System Structure – Tecmint: Linux Howtos, Tutorials & Guides
- Linux Directory Structure and File System Hierarchy | Linux Training Academy
- Filesystem Hierarchy Standard - Wikipedia
- Linux Directory Structure (File System Structure) Explained with Examples
- Unix / Linux - File System Basics
- Navigating the File System
- Linux Directory Structure and File System Hierarchy
This directory is the only clean solution for early-runtime-dir problem. Contains binary executable programs, required by System Administrator, for Maintenance.
Linux Directory Structure and File System Hierarchy | Linux Training Academy
This directory contains server specific and service related files. Stores temporary files for user and system, till next boot.
Contains executable binaries, documentation, source code, libraries for second level program. The contents of this file is expected to grow.