55 Fraenkel, Eduard ed. Aeschylus' Agamemnon. Oxford: Clarendon Press, , p. 7. 56 It is worth noting that Tony Taccone, director of a modern production. Eduard Fraenkel is the author of Horace ( avg rating, 3 ratings, 2 reviews, published ), Agamemnon ed. with a Commentary by Eduard Fraenkel (vol. Aeschylus: Agamemnon. Aeschylus: Agamemnon: Volume I: Prolegomena, Text, and Translation. Second Edition. Edited by Eduard Fraenkel. Clarendon Press.


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Die sieben Redenpaare im Thebanerdrama des Aeschylus in German. Bayerische Akademie der Wissenschaften. Beobachtungen zu Aristophanes in German.

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Edizioni di Storia e Letteratura. Zu den Phoenissen fraenkel agamemnon Euripides in German. Noch einmal Kolon und Satz in German.


LEWIS more, attempted to date the fall of Troy by means of this line in complete contradiction fraenkel agamemnon the ancient tradition that Troy fell in the month of Thargelion, that is, Fraenkel agamemnon 3.

Rose, arguing that Aeschylus was unaware of the precession of the equinoxes, had the cosmical setting of the Pleiades calculated for the latitude of Troy fraenkel agamemnon B. But Rose and all others who belong to this chronologist school consider that Aeschylus wrote as a historian rather than as a tragedian striving for dramatic effect.

Fraenkel, in a long discussion of the problems of this phrase, advances a similar argument against the chronologist school and asserts that Aeschylus "was a dramatic poet who stages things present as they are happening here and now" 5.

Eduard Fraenkel (Editor of The Oresteia)

Fraenkel, accordingly, stresses that Troy was said to have fallen at night, a time which was, he believes, a suitable backdrop for this fateful event. In other words, Aeschylus could have indicated that Troy fell fraenkel agamemnon night without stating that the Pleiades were setting 6.

Fraenkel himself appears unsure of his assertion that Aeschylus was writing as a poet and not a historian, for he does not rule out the possibility that Aeschylus chose to refer to the Pleiades in this passage because they were setting in the sky on the night of the performance of the play 7!

Although Fraenkel accepts that such an assumption is unnecessary but not impossible, the weakness of his entire argument and the problematic nature of Aeschylus' words are evident in his plea that "it is going too far to try to guess what induced Aeschylus to choose fraenkel agamemnon Pleiades for special mention" 8.

A Teutonic Monster in Oxford

Page in their commentary accept Fraenkel's argument that the phrase is nothing more than a vague reference to nigthtime 9.

Previous commentators, however, have overlooked the metaphorical significance of the setting of the Pleiades and, more importantly, the association of the Pleiades with Troy and fraenkel agamemnon Trojan War and with Agamemnon himself. In general, the Pleiades are known to the Greeks as a constellation fraenkel agamemnon is persistently associated with unhappy occurrences and difficult circumstances.


Hippocrates, for example, describes the Pleiades as a baneful constellation which heralds at its setting a time disease and death Hesiod's vivid fraenkel agamemnon of the intense labour which goes into the harvest is not only a poignant illustration of the difficultues of a peasant's life, it is also a depiction of the toils and labour which accompany the Pleiades Works and Days, and u.

The Pleiades, moreover, are also well fraenkel agamemnon in Greek literature as a sailor's constellation. And Hesiod describes the harsh wintry weather which attends the setting of the Pleiades and strongly warns against sailing the seas at this time Fraenkel agamemnon and Days, The Pleiades remain, in poetry at least, a symbol of winter and danger on the sea I3.

A Hellenistic funerary epigram for a sailor who died at sea unifies the motif of the Pleiades as a seafarer's constellation with their reputed 3 8 R.

The epigram specifically tells us that the sailor embarked on fraenkel agamemnon journey at the setting of the Pleiades: This persistent association of the Pleiades fraenkel agamemnon death and sorrow allows us to interpret with keener appreciation the references to the Pleiades in connection with the Trojan War and Agamemnon.